An Open Discussion on ‘OPEN SPACE’ Ordinance 4035 – Monday

Citizen Demands and City Council Responses from January 11th CRA Meeting  
{ BocaWatch’s full report will be on our Hot Topics Blog Soon } 
WPTV Channel 5 report below


A report to followOrdinance 4035 is the ‘Development Order’ adopted as the governing legislation for Downtown Boca Raton.


The revelation at a December 7, 2015 Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) meeting that for twelve years developers have been planning and constructing buildings in probable violation of the 40% open space requirements under the law, was more of a shock than a surprise. A shock because of the blatant nature of the abuse; but not a surprise, because we have grown accustomed to seeing developers game the system to their economic advantage.


So we have questions that we think the CRA should urgently address on Monday, January 11th at 1:30pm – City Hall:


First, was the crafting and use of the 7/28/03 Administrative Memorandum a case of incompetence, corruption, or both?  The language in the Ordinance requiring 40% open space is clear. It was included as part of a compromise which was approved by referendum (citizen vote) in 1993. Developers admit that they helped craft the Ordinance. Did they also help city staff craft the 2003 Administrative Memorandum which according to the City Attorney “is inconsistent with the language of 4035,” which is a nice way of saying “violates the law”? Who wrote the memo and why? Was the modification to the open space guidelines in 4035 ever subject to Council discussion or debate? Why did no one notice the “inconsistency” until now? How did this happen?


Second, how many buildings constructed under 4035 guidelines are in violation of those guidelines? The Mark? The Hyatt? Archstone/Palmetto Promenade? Via Mizner Phase I? How many pending development applications are also in violation of those guidelines? Presumably, the City has a way of finding out. Or is nobody paying attention? Is there no oversight? No enforcement? We’re not just talking about the color of paint here.


Third, what are you going to do to correct the situation? You have a number of options, and you don’t need a developer-packed “workshop” to figure it out.   You could take the historic pro-developer route and rewrite the 4035 Ordinance to provide amnesty to all illegal buildings and legal cover for projects going forward.


Or you could enforce the law. You could grant amnesty to completed building—even though legally you don’t have to—but require that all yet-to-be-built projects strictly comport to the language in 4035. As your City Attorney pointedly remarked in your December 7th meeting “no one is ever allowed to rely on an error of law.” If a project is authorized under 4035 it must comply with the provisions of 4035. This is a legal matter, not a question of policy.


Most importantly, this oversight (or scandal) should not be an opportunity for the development lobby to try and get included in the Ordinance what they were unable to achieve when the original 4035 compromise was drafted, or what they tried to accomplish illegally through the now-exposed Administrative Memo of 7/28/03 and subsequent modifications.


This whole affair is an embarrassment to the City of Boca Raton. It is very likely to result in lengthy and expensive litigation, no matter what the elected officials decide to do. Having dropped the ball, it would be heartening to see them pick it up and run in a direction that pleases the residents who elected them.

March 2017 is just over a year away.


John Gore,


See WPTV Channel 5 Report by Charlie Keegan

Click here

Previous articleA Poignant & Timely Editorial from The Coastal Star Editor
Next articleMonday’s CRA Meeting – ‘Open Space’ Questions
John, President of is a 13-year Boca resident and lives in Downtown Boca. He is also Chairman and CEO of Political Solutions International LLC, a consulting firm which advises a wide range of clients on government relations organization, competence, issue management and strategy. Prior to his chairing Political Solutions International, Mr. Gore served from 1996-2002 as Group Vice President, Government and Public Affairs, for the British Petroleum Company in London. In that capacity Mr. Gore was responsible for BP’s government and public affairs activities in over 70 countries. He is a 1970 graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and attended Georgetown University Law School. He is married to the former Antonia Stepovich of Fairbanks, Alaska. His outside interests include golf, creative writing, and the arts.


  1. After reading this piece, and doing a little homework on my own, I am very confused about why a “workshop” is in order. The language in 4035 regarding open spaces is very clear, so why not simply stick to the law, as written, and be done with it? It’s easy, clean, unambiguous, and easily interpreted as-is. Why fix it if it’s not broken?

  2. THERE IS NO NEED FOR A WORKSHOP! The law is the law. It simply needs to be followed. A Workshop in this instance is nothing more than a CYA for city officials and an opportunity for the development community to institute changes to their liking and make them official. Cynical much? No. Just a realist who is familiar with how this city has been run for years.

  3. Thank you for posting the links to the historic articles. I was fascinated by the fourth one listed. The corruption within the city stretches from then to now. Also, it was refreshing to read a Sun-sentinel article that shows in a prior era the newspaper was once resident friendly.

  4. A resident since 1971 it is disturbing to see what is happening to our town. City council has no regard for what the citizens want I hope this blatant disregard for the law will be put to right ,and now , before any more unlawful buildings are erected. City council s job is to work for the citizens of Boca, not the developers. For the past years,this has not been the case Pleasr start to rectify this immediately
    Sue Merrill


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.