Elected Officials Subject to Federal Court Action


Over the past few years, there has been great controversy within City Hall concerning how and why certain development orders were granted by the City to the Chabad of East Boca, Inc.; a house of worship requesting approvals to build on land within a B1 Zoning district in the City of Boca Raton.
After numerous public hearings, the development orders for height and site plan were approved by the P&Z Board and the City Council based upon the strained review and recommendation of the City Administration.  These approvals resulted in two state court lawsuits and one lawsuit in federal court.  Of these, only the federal court case remains to be resolved. (U.S. District Court Southern District of Florida Case No: 16-cv-80195)

In the state court cases, one challenged a development order concerning the height of a proposed structure.  That case was resolved without actual validation on the issue but viewed by the City Attorney as being a victory in favor of the city and the Chabad of East Boca.  The second state court action resulted in the court ruling against the city and the Chabad.  The court determined that the city’s action was in violation of the law. Essentially the court’s order finds against the development for two reasons; to wit: 1) that a ‘museum’ is not included within the city code’s definition of ‘places of public assembly’, and, 2) since the relevant city code does not allow for museum, the submitted plan did not meet the parking requirements under the code.

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A fair reading of the certified copy of the Attorney-Client session held in June 2016 reveals the City Attorney’s advice to the City Council in this matter.  In short, the City Council decided to let the intervenor, Chabad of East Boca, take the lead and the City would join in with the Chabad’s independent decision to motion for rehearing or file an appeal.  What is most interesting about this privileged discussion is revealed on pages 53 and 54 of the transcript (a public record now that the case has been resolved) where the City Council comes to consensus that the city would participate in further legal activity only if the Chabad initiated such a filing and primarily for appearance purposes; to wit “…so that…it doesn’t appear to the Court that we are abandoning the development order.”  Direction was then given to the City Attorney to act accordingly.

Subsequently, an appeal was filed in the 4th District Court of Appeals in West Palm Beach where the city joined with the Chabad for appellate relief. In November, the 4th District decided not to hear the appeal by the Chabad of East Boca leaving in place the lower court’s ruling that the city erred in allowing the project’s development order within the city’s B1 zoning code. Hence the end of the controversy….
Not yet….

Reported in the local press since the 4th DCA’s ruling were comments from Rabbi Ruvi New and City Council member Robert Weinroth where both men reluctantly accept the District Court’s ruling and state that a new application for the ‘house of worship’ without the museum would be forthcoming.  Further stated by Rabbi New was that the museum would find a new site to locate within the city.

That is a good thing….

Councilman Weinroth, appearing to be a spokesperson for the Chabad, goes on to state that “When we had our hearings…the community said it wasn’t a synagogue they objected to, but it was the size and scope of the museum project attached to it and what that level of development could bring to their neighborhood…”  He goes on to say “I want to take these residents at their word….However, if suddenly the community finds something else objectionable….then we would have to look at this situation and say that maybe something else is going on here.”  Suggested in this statement and supported by comments from the Rabbi is that there may be some anti-Semitism involved in the community’s objection. A rhetorical question arises with Councilman Weinroth’s use of the pronoun ‘we’….Who is the ‘we’ he is referring too?  No further comment can be made on this suggestion until the new project is brought forward and measured within the context of the then prevailing city code.

The actual circumstance, however, is that there remains the Federal Court action; an action against the city of Boca Raton as the sole Defendant with the Chabad of East Boca, Inc. as an Intervenor.  This action alleges that the city ignored its own code in granting a religious organization rights, privileges and considerations beyond those of other ordinary citizens.  Also suggested is that the city conducted the public’s business through private conversations between numerous interested persons with the City Manager/Administration and individual City Council members, both past and present.

This Federal lawsuit alleges that the city’s actions violated the Plaintiffs’ Constitutional Rights under the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution; a charge that must be taken seriously as it goes to the heart of how the public’s business is conducted in the city of Boca Raton.  The city, not the Chabad, is solely responsible for its actions; the actions that are the subject of this Federal Court filing.  Allegations of this nature are not new in the city of Boca Raton.  The state court actions described above have behind the scene inferences similar in nature; behind the scene discussions resulting in strained presentations to support predetermined outcomes are the subject now being alleged and investigated in the Federal suit.

The Federal Court action asks the questions of how and why were these two development orders passed to allow this particular structure in a B1 zoned district with technical deviations approved that set aside considerations specifically in place to protect the residents whose homes border the B1 zoned area.

Resolution to these questions is still pending and, until resolved, Council Member Weinroth’s comments should be viewed as premature.  This remaining Federal Court legal action addresses the serious issue of who runs the city and how decisions are actually made.  It addresses whether Boca Raton’s government is transparent and operating under the letter and spirit of Florida’s Sunshine law and further suggests that there is reason to believe that the answer to these inquiries may be NO.

This Federal lawsuit is aimed at these issues….

The Federal Rules permit discovery and depositions to be taken to ascertain the facts to support such allegations.  Plaintiffs have filed their initial disclosure pursuant to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.  They have listed some 28 people and/or entities for deposition purposes along with specific requests for documents from the various entities involved. (See below)

Plaintiffs, actually representing all city residents, will get a chance to peak behind the scene as to how Boca Raton politics actually are conducted. Who are the power brokers; how the public’s business decisions are made; how the City staff prepares strained presentations supporting the developer’s interest over the interests of resident; and all this under penalty of perjury with Federal Court supervision.  I, for one, am very glad that my name is not on this list of witnesses to be deposed….Subpoena power in Federal Court is very serious and being under the penalty of perjury is truly an uncomfortable position to be in….

Hence, Councilman Weinroth’s statements are premature pending the result of the Federal inquiry….Especially since he is one of the 28 witnesses subject to deposition with serious questions outstanding as to his travel to Israel during the height of the approval process to visit with the maker of the ‘My Israel’ video; with whom he met; the topics discussed; and, the influences, if any, on his vote in the quasi-judicial procedure requiring such disclosures, disclosures that have yet to be forthcoming.

Stay tuned for further updates on the Federal Court process; a process that promises to be an extremely revealing public interest matter….

These are the witnesses:

Gerry Gagliardi

Kathleen MacDougall

Susan Haynie

Robert Weinroth

Scott Singer

Jeremy Rodgers

Michael Mullaugh

Leif Ahnell

Susan Whelchel

Anthony Majess

Peter Baronoff

Derek Van der Ploeg

Rabbi Ruvi New

Glenn Gromann

Ingrid Allen

James Bell

Jorge Camejo

Douglas Hess

*Deceased – Paul Slattery

Robert Eisen

Steven Abrams

George Brown

Michael Woika

Representative of Seacoast Bank

Representative of Chabad of East Boca, Inc.

Representative of TJCV Land Trust

Charles Sieman

*Deceased – Irving Litwak



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Alfred Zucaro has resided in Palm Beach County since 1982 and has been a resident of Boca Raton since 2008. A graduate of Fordham University, he holds a Magna Cum Laude degree in Economics. Mr. Zucaro attended Nova University receiving a Juris Doctorate Law Degree in 1986. He is a member in good standing with the Florida Bar, practicing in the area of Immigration Law for the majority of his career. Currently he is manager/member of Palm Beach Investment and Finance LLC, a USCIS approved regional center identifying foreign investment leading to permanent resident status. Mr. Zucaro served as a City Commissioner in West Palm Beach from 1995 to 2002 and as the President of the City Commission in 2000/2001. He has also been a member of and/or served on the Economic Council, the Business Development Board, the Film and Television Commission, the Tourist Development Council, the Workforce Alliance and the Palm Beach International Film Festival. Of particular interest is his founding of the World Trade Center Palm Beach, an organization that focuses on international economic development. Married to Yvonne Boice, they are avid world travelers having visited 6 continents and dozens of countries since their 2008 nuptials.


  1. Bravo to the courageous residents for pursuing this Federal lawsuit. It should provide vital information about how key decisions were made which have resulted in Boca’s building binge. We have long suspected a cozy relationship between some members of the City Council and the developers. Too bad we have to take the City to court to guarantee that we get good government.

  2. The depositions will make for “The Theater of Obscene Government”. Thanks Al for publishing this information. Now we will have something to talk about for the foreseeable future.

  3. Mr. Weinroth engages in a particularly dangerous and damaging form of politics – the politics of division. He infers anti-Semiticism but he does not have the courage to say that outright. He has an agenda – an agenda to divide our community; an agenda to pit neighbor against neighbor and friend against friend. He smears, he vilifies and he slanders and he does so with impunity. These tactics come straight from the Rabbi’s own well-worn play book. Anti-Semiticism is a serious problem that cannot be ignored, but using it in this context is demeaning to the term.

  4. Wanted:
    Candidates for City Council!
    Qualifications: Ability to put residents interests first.
    Public service – Not self-serving.


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