Challenging Development: Loser Beware!!

Appealing to government officials against developers who funded their campaigns will now mean YOU get hurt big time.

challenging development : loser beware

Residents are at extreme financial risk in any effort opposing local government’s approvals for development.

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Attached you will find an editorial published in the Sun Sentinel on Sunday, 9/22, confirming what I reported in May of this year.

If you challenge a developer’s dream, be prepared to pay up — or shut up
Editorial Board of Sun-Sentinel

I also refer you to the May 10, 2019 BocaWatch article for background on the legislation that has now been tested in court and may eventually make it to the Florida Supreme Court.

By way of background, in May, Governor DeSantis signed into law House Bill 7103. Contained within this legislation is the prevision that if a court challenge arises against an approved development project, the losing side is responsible for the winning side’s legal costs and expenses.

As a practical outcome, a resident who challenges the government action in court will be at risk for the legal fees of the government and the developer. This outcome was made possible by a provision inserted in the legislation at the last moment changing the previous standard that awarded legal fees to the winner only if the court found that the legal challenge was ‘frivolous’ or brought in ‘bad faith.’ This change eliminates the need for the Court to make such a finding and establishes, unequivocally, that the loser pays regardless.

Since passage, there has been a legal challenge with the developer being awarded a multi million dollar sum for legal fees and costs against a resident who challenged the development. This award has been appealed to the Fourth District Court of Appeals in West Palm Beach where the Court upheld this multi-million dollar judgment.

The Fourth District declined to rehear the case by the entire court (en banc) or to certify the question to the Florida Supreme Court as a matter of great public interest. This case is destined to be sent to the Florida Supreme Court but with no guarantee the Court will hear the matter.

In the mean time, residents, with limited resources, who dare to challenge local government’s approvals for development are at serious financial risk for the legal fees and costs of wealthy developers and of publicly funded local governments.

Resident Friendly elected officials should be offended to know that the concerned resident now is at greater risk to have their resources in jeopardy for participating in community concerns.

In Boca Raton, Councilwoman Andrea O’Rourke was such a community activist who along with others filed a legal challenge to the Archstone development approval. It is an interesting question for Council Woman O’Rourke as to whether, today, given the financial jeopardy, she would be willing to participate in such community activism realizing the personal risks.

The opening paragraph of the Sun Sentinel editorial proffers that “The big shots own Florida now. If you stand up to them, they will destroy you.”

Of course, the ‘big shots’ are the developer and the local government officials that facilitate unbridled growth over the concerns and objections of the community.

Al Zucaro
Publisher of BocaWatch


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Alfred Zucaro has resided in Palm Beach County since 1982 and has been a resident of Boca Raton since 2008. A graduate of Fordham University, he holds a Magna Cum Laude degree in Economics. Mr. Zucaro attended Nova University receiving a Juris Doctorate Law Degree in 1986. He is a member in good standing with the Florida Bar, practicing in the area of Immigration Law for the majority of his career. Currently he is manager/member of Palm Beach Investment and Finance LLC, a USCIS approved regional center identifying foreign investment leading to permanent resident status. Mr. Zucaro served as a City Commissioner in West Palm Beach from 1995 to 2002 and as the President of the City Commission in 2000/2001. He has also been a member of and/or served on the Economic Council, the Business Development Board, the Film and Television Commission, the Tourist Development Council, the Workforce Alliance and the Palm Beach International Film Festival. Of particular interest is his founding of the World Trade Center Palm Beach, an organization that focuses on international economic development. Married to Yvonne Boice, they are avid world travelers having visited 6 continents and dozens of countries since their 2008 nuptials.


  1. This is a common practice in the legal field. However, it could make a concerned citizen think twice before making any challenge. If you are developing properties, my guess is you have enough resources to hire a legal team to deal with any necessary litigation to push the project.


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